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Crypter et décrypter une chaîne en C #?

Comment chiffrer et déchiffrer une chaîne en C #?

654
NotDan

EDIT 2013-Oct : Bien que j'ai modifié cette réponse au fil du temps pour remédier aux lacunes, veuillez vous reporter à la section réponse de jbtule pour en savoir plus. solution robuste et informée.

https://stackoverflow.com/a/10366194/188474

Réponse originale:

Voici un exemple de travail dérivé de documentation "RijndaelManaged Class" et de kit de formation du SCTM .

EDIT 2012-April : Cette réponse a été modifiée de manière à suspendre la suggestion de IV par jbtule et comme illustré ici:

http://msdn.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.security.cryptography.aesmanaged%28v=vs.95%29.aspx

Bonne chance!

public class Crypto
{

    //While an app specific salt is not the best practice for
    //password based encryption, it's probably safe enough as long as
    //it is truly uncommon. Also too much work to alter this answer otherwise.
    private static byte[] _salt = __To_Do__("Add a app specific salt here");

    /// <summary>
    /// Encrypt the given string using AES.  The string can be decrypted using 
    /// DecryptStringAES().  The sharedSecret parameters must match.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="plainText">The text to encrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for encryption.</param>
    public static string EncryptStringAES(string plainText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(plainText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        string outStr = null;                       // Encrypted string to return
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;              // RijndaelManaged object used to encrypt the data.

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
            aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);

            // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform encryptor = aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
            {
                // prepend the IV
                msEncrypt.Write(BitConverter.GetBytes(aesAlg.IV.Length), 0, sizeof(int));
                msEncrypt.Write(aesAlg.IV, 0, aesAlg.IV.Length);
                using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                    {
                        //Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                    }
                }
                outStr = Convert.ToBase64String(msEncrypt.ToArray());
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return outStr;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Decrypt the given string.  Assumes the string was encrypted using 
    /// EncryptStringAES(), using an identical sharedSecret.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="cipherText">The text to decrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for decryption.</param>
    public static string DecryptStringAES(string cipherText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(cipherText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to decrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        string plaintext = null;

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.                
            byte[] bytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
            using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(bytes))
            {
                // Create a RijndaelManaged object
                // with the specified key and IV.
                aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
                aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);
                // Get the initialization vector from the encrypted stream
                aesAlg.IV = ReadByteArray(msDecrypt);
                // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);
                using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                {
                    using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))

                        // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        // and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                }
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        return plaintext;
    }

    private static byte[] ReadByteArray(Stream s)
    {
        byte[] rawLength = new byte[sizeof(int)];
        if (s.Read(rawLength, 0, rawLength.Length) != rawLength.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Stream did not contain properly formatted byte array");
        }

        byte[] buffer = new byte[BitConverter.ToInt32(rawLength, 0)];
        if (s.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length) != buffer.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Did not read byte array properly");
        }

        return buffer;
    }
}
408
Brett

Exemples modernes de chiffrement symétrique authentifié d'une chaîne.

La meilleure pratique générale en matière de chiffrement symétrique consiste à utiliser la méthode AEAD (Authenticated Encryption with Associated Data). Toutefois, cela ne fait pas partie des bibliothèques de chiffrement .net standard. Ainsi, le premier exemple utilise AES256 , puis HMAC256 , en deux étapes chiffrer puis MAC , ce qui nécessite davantage de temps système et davantage de clés.

Le deuxième exemple utilise la pratique la plus simple d'AES256 - GCM en utilisant le code source libre Bouncy Castle (via nuget).

Les deux exemples ont une fonction principale qui prend une chaîne de message secrète, une ou plusieurs clés, une charge utile non secrète facultative, ainsi qu'une chaîne cryptée authentifiée et authentifiée éventuellement précédée des données non secrètes. Idéalement, vous utiliseriez ces clés avec une ou plusieurs clés 256 bits générées aléatoirement, voir NewKey().

Les deux exemples ont également une méthode d'assistance qui utilise un mot de passe de chaîne pour générer les clés. Ces méthodes d'assistance sont fournies pour faciliter la comparaison avec d'autres exemples, mais elles sont beaucoup moins sécurisées , car la force du mot de passe va être beaucoup plus faible qu'une clé de 256 bits .

Mise à jour: Ajouté byte[] surcharges, et seul le Gist possède le formatage complet avec 4 espaces, indent et api docs en raison des limites de réponse StackOverflow.


. Cryptage intégré NET (AES) -Then-MAC (HMAC) [Gist]

/*
 * This work (Modern Encryption of a String C#, by James Tuley), 
 * identified by James Tuley, is free of known copyright restrictions.
 * https://Gist.github.com/4336842
 * http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/ 
 */

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

namespace Encryption
{
  public static class AESThenHMAC
  {
    private static readonly RandomNumberGenerator Random = RandomNumberGenerator.Create();

    //Preconfigured Encryption Parameters
    public static readonly int BlockBitSize = 128;
    public static readonly int KeyBitSize = 256;

    //Preconfigured Password Key Derivation Parameters
    public static readonly int SaltBitSize = 64;
    public static readonly int Iterations = 10000;
    public static readonly int MinPasswordLength = 12;

    /// <summary>
    /// Helper that generates a random key on each call.
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static byte[] NewKey()
    {
      var key = new byte[KeyBitSize / 8];
      Random.GetBytes(key);
      return key;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Encryption (AES) then Authentication (HMAC) for a UTF8 Message.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="secretMessage">The secret message.</param>
    /// <param name="cryptKey">The crypt key.</param>
    /// <param name="authKey">The auth key.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayload">(Optional) Non-Secret Payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Encrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Secret Message Required!;secretMessage</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Adds overhead of (Optional-Payload + BlockSize(16) + Message-Padded-To-Blocksize +  HMac-Tag(32)) * 1.33 Base64
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleEncrypt(string secretMessage, byte[] cryptKey, byte[] authKey,
                       byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(secretMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(secretMessage);
      var cipherText = SimpleEncrypt(plainText, cryptKey, authKey, nonSecretPayload);
      return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Authentication (HMAC) then Decryption (AES) for a secrets UTF8 Message.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="encryptedMessage">The encrypted message.</param>
    /// <param name="cryptKey">The crypt key.</param>
    /// <param name="authKey">The auth key.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayloadLength">Length of the non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Decrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Encrypted Message Required!;encryptedMessage</exception>
    public static string SimpleDecrypt(string encryptedMessage, byte[] cryptKey, byte[] authKey,
                       int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(encryptedMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cipherText = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedMessage);
      var plainText = SimpleDecrypt(cipherText, cryptKey, authKey, nonSecretPayloadLength);
      return plainText == null ? null : Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainText);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Encryption (AES) then Authentication (HMAC) of a UTF8 message
    /// using Keys derived from a Password (PBKDF2).
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="secretMessage">The secret message.</param>
    /// <param name="password">The password.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayload">The non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Encrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">password</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Significantly less secure than using random binary keys.
    /// Adds additional non secret payload for key generation parameters.
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleEncryptWithPassword(string secretMessage, string password,
                             byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(secretMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(secretMessage);
      var cipherText = SimpleEncryptWithPassword(plainText, password, nonSecretPayload);
      return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Authentication (HMAC) and then Descryption (AES) of a UTF8 Message
    /// using keys derived from a password (PBKDF2). 
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="encryptedMessage">The encrypted message.</param>
    /// <param name="password">The password.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayloadLength">Length of the non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Decrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Encrypted Message Required!;encryptedMessage</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Significantly less secure than using random binary keys.
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleDecryptWithPassword(string encryptedMessage, string password,
                             int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(encryptedMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cipherText = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedMessage);
      var plainText = SimpleDecryptWithPassword(cipherText, password, nonSecretPayloadLength);
      return plainText == null ? null : Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainText);
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleEncrypt(byte[] secretMessage, byte[] cryptKey, byte[] authKey, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (cryptKey == null || cryptKey.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Key needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "cryptKey");

      if (authKey == null || authKey.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Key needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "authKey");

      if (secretMessage == null || secretMessage.Length < 1)
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      //non-secret payload optional
      nonSecretPayload = nonSecretPayload ?? new byte[] { };

      byte[] cipherText;
      byte[] iv;

      using (var aes = new AesManaged
      {
        KeySize = KeyBitSize,
        BlockSize = BlockBitSize,
        Mode = CipherMode.CBC,
        Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7
      })
      {

        //Use random IV
        aes.GenerateIV();
        iv = aes.IV;

        using (var encrypter = aes.CreateEncryptor(cryptKey, iv))
        using (var cipherStream = new MemoryStream())
        {
          using (var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(cipherStream, encrypter, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
          using (var binaryWriter = new BinaryWriter(cryptoStream))
          {
            //Encrypt Data
            binaryWriter.Write(secretMessage);
          }

          cipherText = cipherStream.ToArray();
        }

      }

      //Assemble encrypted message and add authentication
      using (var hmac = new HMACSHA256(authKey))
      using (var encryptedStream = new MemoryStream())
      {
        using (var binaryWriter = new BinaryWriter(encryptedStream))
        {
          //Prepend non-secret payload if any
          binaryWriter.Write(nonSecretPayload);
          //Prepend IV
          binaryWriter.Write(iv);
          //Write Ciphertext
          binaryWriter.Write(cipherText);
          binaryWriter.Flush();

          //Authenticate all data
          var tag = hmac.ComputeHash(encryptedStream.ToArray());
          //Postpend tag
          binaryWriter.Write(tag);
        }
        return encryptedStream.ToArray();
      }

    }

    public static byte[] SimpleDecrypt(byte[] encryptedMessage, byte[] cryptKey, byte[] authKey, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {

      //Basic Usage Error Checks
      if (cryptKey == null || cryptKey.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("CryptKey needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "cryptKey");

      if (authKey == null || authKey.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("AuthKey needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "authKey");

      if (encryptedMessage == null || encryptedMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      using (var hmac = new HMACSHA256(authKey))
      {
        var sentTag = new byte[hmac.HashSize / 8];
        //Calculate Tag
        var calcTag = hmac.ComputeHash(encryptedMessage, 0, encryptedMessage.Length - sentTag.Length);
        var ivLength = (BlockBitSize / 8);

        //if message length is to small just return null
        if (encryptedMessage.Length < sentTag.Length + nonSecretPayloadLength + ivLength)
          return null;

        //Grab Sent Tag
        Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, encryptedMessage.Length - sentTag.Length, sentTag, 0, sentTag.Length);

        //Compare Tag with constant time comparison
        var compare = 0;
        for (var i = 0; i < sentTag.Length; i++)
          compare |= sentTag[i] ^ calcTag[i]; 

        //if message doesn't authenticate return null
        if (compare != 0)
          return null;

        using (var aes = new AesManaged
        {
          KeySize = KeyBitSize,
          BlockSize = BlockBitSize,
          Mode = CipherMode.CBC,
          Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7
        })
        {

          //Grab IV from message
          var iv = new byte[ivLength];
          Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, nonSecretPayloadLength, iv, 0, iv.Length);

          using (var decrypter = aes.CreateDecryptor(cryptKey, iv))
          using (var plainTextStream = new MemoryStream())
          {
            using (var decrypterStream = new CryptoStream(plainTextStream, decrypter, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            using (var binaryWriter = new BinaryWriter(decrypterStream))
            {
              //Decrypt Cipher Text from Message
              binaryWriter.Write(
                encryptedMessage,
                nonSecretPayloadLength + iv.Length,
                encryptedMessage.Length - nonSecretPayloadLength - iv.Length - sentTag.Length
              );
            }
            //Return Plain Text
            return plainTextStream.ToArray();
          }
        }
      }
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleEncryptWithPassword(byte[] secretMessage, string password, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      nonSecretPayload = nonSecretPayload ?? new byte[] {};

      //User Error Checks
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(password) || password.Length < MinPasswordLength)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Must have a password of at least {0} characters!", MinPasswordLength), "password");

      if (secretMessage == null || secretMessage.Length ==0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var payload = new byte[((SaltBitSize / 8) * 2) + nonSecretPayload.Length];

      Array.Copy(nonSecretPayload, payload, nonSecretPayload.Length);
      int payloadIndex = nonSecretPayload.Length;

      byte[] cryptKey;
      byte[] authKey;
      //Use Random Salt to prevent pre-generated weak password attacks.
      using (var generator = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, SaltBitSize / 8, Iterations))
      {
        var salt = generator.Salt;

        //Generate Keys
        cryptKey = generator.GetBytes(KeyBitSize / 8);

        //Create Non Secret Payload
        Array.Copy(salt, 0, payload, payloadIndex, salt.Length);
        payloadIndex += salt.Length;
      }

      //Deriving separate key, might be less efficient than using HKDF, 
      //but now compatible with RNEncryptor which had a very similar wireformat and requires less code than HKDF.
      using (var generator = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, SaltBitSize / 8, Iterations))
      {
        var salt = generator.Salt;

        //Generate Keys
        authKey = generator.GetBytes(KeyBitSize / 8);

        //Create Rest of Non Secret Payload
        Array.Copy(salt, 0, payload, payloadIndex, salt.Length);
      }

      return SimpleEncrypt(secretMessage, cryptKey, authKey, payload);
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleDecryptWithPassword(byte[] encryptedMessage, string password, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(password) || password.Length < MinPasswordLength)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Must have a password of at least {0} characters!", MinPasswordLength), "password");

      if (encryptedMessage == null || encryptedMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cryptSalt = new byte[SaltBitSize / 8];
      var authSalt = new byte[SaltBitSize / 8];

      //Grab Salt from Non-Secret Payload
      Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, nonSecretPayloadLength, cryptSalt, 0, cryptSalt.Length);
      Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, nonSecretPayloadLength + cryptSalt.Length, authSalt, 0, authSalt.Length);

      byte[] cryptKey;
      byte[] authKey;

      //Generate crypt key
      using (var generator = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, cryptSalt, Iterations))
      {
        cryptKey = generator.GetBytes(KeyBitSize / 8);
      }
      //Generate auth key
      using (var generator = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, authSalt, Iterations))
      {
        authKey = generator.GetBytes(KeyBitSize / 8);
      }

      return SimpleDecrypt(encryptedMessage, cryptKey, authKey, cryptSalt.Length + authSalt.Length + nonSecretPayloadLength);
    }
  }
}

Château gonflable AES-GCM [Gist]

/*
 * This work (Modern Encryption of a String C#, by James Tuley), 
 * identified by James Tuley, is free of known copyright restrictions.
 * https://Gist.github.com/4336842
 * http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/mark/1.0/ 
 */

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Engines;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Generators;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Modes;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Parameters;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Security;
namespace Encryption
{

  public static class AESGCM
  {
    private static readonly SecureRandom Random = new SecureRandom();

    //Preconfigured Encryption Parameters
    public static readonly int NonceBitSize = 128;
    public static readonly int MacBitSize = 128;
    public static readonly int KeyBitSize = 256;

    //Preconfigured Password Key Derivation Parameters
    public static readonly int SaltBitSize = 128;
    public static readonly int Iterations = 10000;
    public static readonly int MinPasswordLength = 12;


    /// <summary>
    /// Helper that generates a random new key on each call.
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static byte[] NewKey()
    {
      var key = new byte[KeyBitSize / 8];
      Random.NextBytes(key);
      return key;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Encryption And Authentication (AES-GCM) of a UTF8 string.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="secretMessage">The secret message.</param>
    /// <param name="key">The key.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayload">Optional non-secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Encrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Secret Message Required!;secretMessage</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Adds overhead of (Optional-Payload + BlockSize(16) + Message +  HMac-Tag(16)) * 1.33 Base64
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleEncrypt(string secretMessage, byte[] key, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(secretMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(secretMessage);
      var cipherText = SimpleEncrypt(plainText, key, nonSecretPayload);
      return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Decryption & Authentication (AES-GCM) of a UTF8 Message
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="encryptedMessage">The encrypted message.</param>
    /// <param name="key">The key.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayloadLength">Length of the optional non-secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>Decrypted Message</returns>
    public static string SimpleDecrypt(string encryptedMessage, byte[] key, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(encryptedMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cipherText = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedMessage);
      var plainText = SimpleDecrypt(cipherText, key, nonSecretPayloadLength);
      return plainText == null ? null : Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainText);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Encryption And Authentication (AES-GCM) of a UTF8 String
    /// using key derived from a password (PBKDF2).
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="secretMessage">The secret message.</param>
    /// <param name="password">The password.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayload">The non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Encrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Significantly less secure than using random binary keys.
    /// Adds additional non secret payload for key generation parameters.
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleEncryptWithPassword(string secretMessage, string password,
                             byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(secretMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var plainText = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(secretMessage);
      var cipherText = SimpleEncryptWithPassword(plainText, password, nonSecretPayload);
      return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherText);
    }


    /// <summary>
    /// Simple Decryption and Authentication (AES-GCM) of a UTF8 message
    /// using a key derived from a password (PBKDF2)
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="encryptedMessage">The encrypted message.</param>
    /// <param name="password">The password.</param>
    /// <param name="nonSecretPayloadLength">Length of the non secret payload.</param>
    /// <returns>
    /// Decrypted Message
    /// </returns>
    /// <exception cref="System.ArgumentException">Encrypted Message Required!;encryptedMessage</exception>
    /// <remarks>
    /// Significantly less secure than using random binary keys.
    /// </remarks>
    public static string SimpleDecryptWithPassword(string encryptedMessage, string password,
                             int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(encryptedMessage))
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var cipherText = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedMessage);
      var plainText = SimpleDecryptWithPassword(cipherText, password, nonSecretPayloadLength);
      return plainText == null ? null : Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainText);
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleEncrypt(byte[] secretMessage, byte[] key, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (key == null || key.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Key needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "key");

      if (secretMessage == null || secretMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      //Non-secret Payload Optional
      nonSecretPayload = nonSecretPayload ?? new byte[] { };

      //Using random nonce large enough not to repeat
      var nonce = new byte[NonceBitSize / 8];
      Random.NextBytes(nonce, 0, nonce.Length);

      var cipher = new GcmBlockCipher(new AesFastEngine());
      var parameters = new AeadParameters(new KeyParameter(key), MacBitSize, nonce, nonSecretPayload);
      cipher.Init(true, parameters);

      //Generate Cipher Text With Auth Tag
      var cipherText = new byte[cipher.GetOutputSize(secretMessage.Length)];
      var len = cipher.ProcessBytes(secretMessage, 0, secretMessage.Length, cipherText, 0);
      cipher.DoFinal(cipherText, len);

      //Assemble Message
      using (var combinedStream = new MemoryStream())
      {
        using (var binaryWriter = new BinaryWriter(combinedStream))
        {
          //Prepend Authenticated Payload
          binaryWriter.Write(nonSecretPayload);
          //Prepend Nonce
          binaryWriter.Write(nonce);
          //Write Cipher Text
          binaryWriter.Write(cipherText);
        }
        return combinedStream.ToArray();
      }
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleDecrypt(byte[] encryptedMessage, byte[] key, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (key == null || key.Length != KeyBitSize / 8)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Key needs to be {0} bit!", KeyBitSize), "key");

      if (encryptedMessage == null || encryptedMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      using (var cipherStream = new MemoryStream(encryptedMessage))
      using (var cipherReader = new BinaryReader(cipherStream))
      {
        //Grab Payload
        var nonSecretPayload = cipherReader.ReadBytes(nonSecretPayloadLength);

        //Grab Nonce
        var nonce = cipherReader.ReadBytes(NonceBitSize / 8);

        var cipher = new GcmBlockCipher(new AesFastEngine());
        var parameters = new AeadParameters(new KeyParameter(key), MacBitSize, nonce, nonSecretPayload);
        cipher.Init(false, parameters);

        //Decrypt Cipher Text
        var cipherText = cipherReader.ReadBytes(encryptedMessage.Length - nonSecretPayloadLength - nonce.Length);
        var plainText = new byte[cipher.GetOutputSize(cipherText.Length)];  

        try
        {
          var len = cipher.ProcessBytes(cipherText, 0, cipherText.Length, plainText, 0);
          cipher.DoFinal(plainText, len);

        }
        catch (InvalidCipherTextException)
        {
          //Return null if it doesn't authenticate
          return null;
        }

        return plainText;
      }

    }

    public static byte[] SimpleEncryptWithPassword(byte[] secretMessage, string password, byte[] nonSecretPayload = null)
    {
      nonSecretPayload = nonSecretPayload ?? new byte[] {};

      //User Error Checks
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(password) || password.Length < MinPasswordLength)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Must have a password of at least {0} characters!", MinPasswordLength), "password");

      if (secretMessage == null || secretMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Secret Message Required!", "secretMessage");

      var generator = new Pkcs5S2ParametersGenerator();

      //Use Random Salt to minimize pre-generated weak password attacks.
      var salt = new byte[SaltBitSize / 8];
      Random.NextBytes(salt);

      generator.Init(
        PbeParametersGenerator.Pkcs5PasswordToBytes(password.ToCharArray()),
        salt,
        Iterations);

      //Generate Key
      var key = (KeyParameter)generator.GenerateDerivedMacParameters(KeyBitSize);

      //Create Full Non Secret Payload
      var payload = new byte[salt.Length + nonSecretPayload.Length];
      Array.Copy(nonSecretPayload, payload, nonSecretPayload.Length);
      Array.Copy(salt,0, payload,nonSecretPayload.Length, salt.Length);

      return SimpleEncrypt(secretMessage, key.GetKey(), payload);
    }

    public static byte[] SimpleDecryptWithPassword(byte[] encryptedMessage, string password, int nonSecretPayloadLength = 0)
    {
      //User Error Checks
      if (string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(password) || password.Length < MinPasswordLength)
        throw new ArgumentException(String.Format("Must have a password of at least {0} characters!", MinPasswordLength), "password");

      if (encryptedMessage == null || encryptedMessage.Length == 0)
        throw new ArgumentException("Encrypted Message Required!", "encryptedMessage");

      var generator = new Pkcs5S2ParametersGenerator();

      //Grab Salt from Payload
      var salt = new byte[SaltBitSize / 8];
      Array.Copy(encryptedMessage, nonSecretPayloadLength, salt, 0, salt.Length);

      generator.Init(
        PbeParametersGenerator.Pkcs5PasswordToBytes(password.ToCharArray()),
        salt,
        Iterations);

      //Generate Key
      var key = (KeyParameter)generator.GenerateDerivedMacParameters(KeyBitSize);

      return SimpleDecrypt(encryptedMessage, key.GetKey(), salt.Length + nonSecretPayloadLength);
    }
  }
}
342
jbtule

Voici un exemple utilisant RSA.

Important: Il existe une limite à la taille des données que vous pouvez chiffrer avec le cryptage RSA, KeySize - MinimumPadding. par ex. 256 octets (en supposant une clé de 2048 bits) - 42 octets (remplissage minimal OEAP) = 214 octets (taille maximale du texte en clair)

Remplacez your_rsa_key par votre clé RSA.

var provider = new System.Security.Cryptography.RSACryptoServiceProvider();
provider.ImportParameters(your_rsa_key);

var encryptedBytes = provider.Encrypt(
    System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("Hello World!"), true);

string decryptedTest = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetString(
    provider.Decrypt(encryptedBytes, true));

Pour plus d'informations, visitez le site MSDN - RSACryptoServiceProvider

105
Tamas Czinege

Si vous utilisez ASP.Net, vous pouvez maintenant utiliser les fonctionnalités intégrées à partir de .Net 4.0.

System.Web.Security.MachineKey

.Net 4.5 a MachineKey.Protect() et MachineKey.Unprotect().

.Net 4.0 a MachineKey.Encode() et MachineKey.Decode(). Vous devez simplement définir MachineKeyProtection sur 'All'.

En dehors d'ASP.Net, cette classe semble générer une nouvelle clé à chaque redémarrage de l'application, elle ne fonctionne donc pas. Avec un coup d’œil rapide dans ILSpy, il me semble que cela génère ses propres valeurs par défaut si les app.settings appropriés manquent. Vous pourrez donc peut-être l’installer en dehors d’ASP.Net.

Je n'ai pas été en mesure de trouver un équivalent nonASP.Net en dehors de l'espace de noms System.Web.

52
mattmanser

BouncyCastle est une excellente bibliothèque Crypto pour .NET, elle est disponible sous forme de package Nuget à installer dans vos projets. Je l'aime beaucoup plus que ce qui est actuellement disponible dans la bibliothèque System.Security.Cryptography. Il vous donne beaucoup plus d'options en termes d'algorithmes disponibles et fournit plus de modes pour ces algorithmes.

Voici un exemple d'implémentation de TwoFish , qui a été écrit par Bruce Schneier (héros de tous les paranoïaques). C'est un algorithme symétrique comme le Rijndael (aka AES). C'était l'un des trois finalistes pour le standard AES et un frère d'un autre algorithme célèbre écrit par Bruce Schneier appelé BlowFish.

La première chose à faire avec bouncycastle est de créer une classe de chiffrement, ce qui facilitera l’implémentation d’autres chiffrements de bloc dans la bibliothèque. La classe d'encrypteur suivante prend en compte un argument générique T où T implémente IBlockCipher et possède un constructeur par défaut.

UPDATE: En raison de la demande générale, j'ai décidé de mettre en œuvre la génération d'un IV aléatoire et d'inclure un HMAC dans cette classe. Bien que, du point de vue du style, cela soit contraire au principe de responsabilité unique de SOLID, à cause de la nature de ce que cette classe a fait, j’ai renigoré. Cette classe prendra maintenant deux paramètres génériques, un pour le chiffrement et un pour le résumé. Il génère automatiquement l'IV en utilisant RNGCryptoServiceProvider pour fournir une bonne entropie RNG, et vous permet d'utiliser l'algorithme de résumé souhaité par BouncyCastle pour générer le MAC.

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Macs;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Modes;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Paddings;
using Org.BouncyCastle.Crypto.Parameters;

public sealed class Encryptor<TBlockCipher, TDigest>
    where TBlockCipher : IBlockCipher, new()
    where TDigest : IDigest, new()
{
    private Encoding encoding;

    private IBlockCipher blockCipher;

    private BufferedBlockCipher cipher;

    private HMac mac;

    private byte[] key;

    public Encryptor(Encoding encoding, byte[] key, byte[] macKey)
    {
        this.encoding = encoding;
        this.key = key;
        this.Init(key, macKey, new Pkcs7Padding());
    }

    public Encryptor(Encoding encoding, byte[] key, byte[] macKey, IBlockCipherPadding padding)
    {
        this.encoding = encoding;
        this.key = key;
        this.Init(key, macKey, padding);
    }

    private void Init(byte[] key, byte[] macKey, IBlockCipherPadding padding)
    {
        this.blockCipher = new CbcBlockCipher(new TBlockCipher());
        this.cipher = new PaddedBufferedBlockCipher(this.blockCipher, padding);
        this.mac = new HMac(new TDigest());
        this.mac.Init(new KeyParameter(macKey));
    }

    public string Encrypt(string plain)
    {
        return Convert.ToBase64String(EncryptBytes(plain));
    }

    public byte[] EncryptBytes(string plain)
    {
        byte[] input = this.encoding.GetBytes(plain);

        var iv = this.GenerateIV();

        var cipher = this.BouncyCastleCrypto(true, input, new ParametersWithIV(new KeyParameter(key), iv));
        byte[] message = CombineArrays(iv, cipher);

        this.mac.Reset();
        this.mac.BlockUpdate(message, 0, message.Length);
        byte[] digest = new byte[this.mac.GetUnderlyingDigest().GetDigestSize()];
        this.mac.DoFinal(digest, 0);

        var result = CombineArrays(digest, message);
        return result;
    }

    public byte[] DecryptBytes(byte[] bytes)
    {
        // split the digest into component parts
        var digest = new byte[this.mac.GetUnderlyingDigest().GetDigestSize()];
        var message = new byte[bytes.Length - digest.Length];
        var iv = new byte[this.blockCipher.GetBlockSize()];
        var cipher = new byte[message.Length - iv.Length];

        Buffer.BlockCopy(bytes, 0, digest, 0, digest.Length);
        Buffer.BlockCopy(bytes, digest.Length, message, 0, message.Length);
        if (!IsValidHMac(digest, message))
        {
            throw new CryptoException();
        }

        Buffer.BlockCopy(message, 0, iv, 0, iv.Length);
        Buffer.BlockCopy(message, iv.Length, cipher, 0, cipher.Length);

        byte[] result = this.BouncyCastleCrypto(false, cipher, new ParametersWithIV(new KeyParameter(key), iv));
        return result;
    }

    public string Decrypt(byte[] bytes)
    {
        return this.encoding.GetString(DecryptBytes(bytes));
    }

    public string Decrypt(string cipher)
    {
        return this.Decrypt(Convert.FromBase64String(cipher));
    }

    private bool IsValidHMac(byte[] digest, byte[] message)
    {
        this.mac.Reset();
        this.mac.BlockUpdate(message, 0, message.Length);
        byte[] computed = new byte[this.mac.GetUnderlyingDigest().GetDigestSize()];
        this.mac.DoFinal(computed, 0);

        return AreEqual(digest,computed);
    }

    private static bool AreEqual(byte [] digest, byte[] computed)
    {
        if(digest.Length != computed.Length)
        {
            return false;
        }

        int result = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < digest.Length; i++)
        {
            // compute equality of all bytes before returning.
            //   helps prevent timing attacks: 
            //   https://codahale.com/a-lesson-in-timing-attacks/
            result |= digest[i] ^ computed[i];
        }

        return result == 0;
    }

    private byte[] BouncyCastleCrypto(bool forEncrypt, byte[] input, ICipherParameters parameters)
    {
        try
        {
            cipher.Init(forEncrypt, parameters);

            return this.cipher.DoFinal(input);
        }
        catch (CryptoException)
        {
            throw;
        }
    }

    private byte[] GenerateIV()
    {
        using (var provider = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider())
        {
            // 1st block
            byte[] result = new byte[this.blockCipher.GetBlockSize()];
            provider.GetBytes(result);

            return result;
        }
    }

    private static byte[] CombineArrays(byte[] source1, byte[] source2)
    {
        byte[] result = new byte[source1.Length + source2.Length];
        Buffer.BlockCopy(source1, 0, result, 0, source1.Length);
        Buffer.BlockCopy(source2, 0, result, source1.Length, source2.Length);

        return result;
    }
}

Ensuite, appelez simplement les méthodes de chiffrement et de déchiffrement de la nouvelle classe. Voici l'exemple utilisant twofish:

var encrypt = new Encryptor<TwofishEngine, Sha1Digest>(Encoding.UTF8, key, hmacKey);

string cipher = encrypt.Encrypt("TEST");   
string plainText = encrypt.Decrypt(cipher);

Il est tout aussi facile de remplacer un autre chiffrement par bloc tel que TripleDES:

var des = new Encryptor<DesEdeEngine, Sha1Digest>(Encoding.UTF8, key, hmacKey);

string cipher = des.Encrypt("TEST");
string plainText = des.Decrypt(cipher);

Enfin, si vous souhaitez utiliser AES avec SHA256 HMAC, vous pouvez effectuer les opérations suivantes:

var aes = new Encryptor<AesEngine, Sha256Digest>(Encoding.UTF8, key, hmacKey);

cipher = aes.Encrypt("TEST");
plainText = aes.Decrypt(cipher);

La partie la plus difficile du cryptage concerne les clés et non les algorithmes. Vous devrez réfléchir à l'endroit où vous stockez vos clés et, le cas échéant, à la manière dont vous les échangez. Ces algorithmes ont tous résisté à l'épreuve du temps et sont extrêmement difficiles à casser. Quelqu'un qui veut vous voler des informations ne passera pas une éternité à faire de la cryptanalyse de vos messages, il essaiera de comprendre en quoi consiste votre clé. Donc, n ° 1 choisissez judicieusement vos clés, n ° 2 les stockez dans un endroit sûr, si vous utilisez un Web.config et IIS, vous pouvez chiffrer des parties du Web.config , et Enfin, si vous devez échanger des clés, assurez-vous que votre protocole d’échange de clé est sécurisé.

Update 2 Modification de la méthode de comparaison pour atténuer les attaques de synchronisation. Voir plus d'infos ici http://codahale.com/a-lesson-in-timing-attacks/ . Également mis à jour pour utiliser le remplissage PKCS7 par défaut et ajout d'un nouveau constructeur pour permettre à l'utilisateur final de choisir le remplissage à utiliser. Merci @CodesInChaos pour les suggestions.

46
nerdybeardo

Clause de non-responsabilité: cette solution ne doit être utilisée que pour des données inactives non exposées au public (par exemple, un fichier de configuration ou une base de données). Ce n'est que dans ce scénario que la solution rapide et sale peut être considérée comme meilleure que la solution de @ jbtule, en raison d'une maintenance inférieure.

Message original: J'ai trouvé la réponse de jbtule un peu compliquée pour un chiffrement sécurisé de chaîne AES sécurisé et rapide et la réponse de Brett avait un bogue, le vecteur d'initialisation étant corrigé. La valeur le rendant vulnérable aux attaques de remplissage, j'ai donc corrigé le code de Brett et ajouté un IV aléatoire qui est ajouté à la chaîne chipered, créant une valeur cryptée différente, chaque cryptage de la même valeur:

Chiffrement:

public static string Encrypt(string clearText)
{            
    byte[] clearBytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(clearText);
    using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
    {
        byte[] IV = new byte[15];
        Rand.NextBytes(IV);
        Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, IV);
        encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
        encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(clearBytes, 0, clearBytes.Length);
                cs.Close();
            }
            clearText = Convert.ToBase64String(IV) + Convert.ToBase64String(ms.ToArray());
        }
    }
    return clearText;
}

Décryptage:

public static string Decrypt(string cipherText)
{
    byte[] IV = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText.Substring(0, 20));
    cipherText = cipherText.Substring(20).Replace(" ", "+");
    byte[] cipherBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
    using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
    {
        Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, IV);
        encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
        encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
        using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(cipherBytes, 0, cipherBytes.Length);
                cs.Close();
            }
            cipherText = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
        }
    }
    return cipherText;
}

Remplacez EncryptionKey par votre clé. Dans mon implémentation, la clé est en cours d’enregistrement dans le fichier de configuration (web.config\app.config) car vous ne devez pas l’enregistrer codée en dur. Le fichier de configuration doit être également crypté pour que la clé ne soit pas sauvegardée sous forme de texte en clair.

protected static string _Key = "";
protected static string EncryptionKey
{
    get
    {
        if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(_Key))
        {
            _Key = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["AESKey"].ToString();
        }

        return _Key;
    }
}
17
Gil Cohen

Chiffrement

public string EncryptString(string inputString)
{
    MemoryStream memStream = null;
    try
    {
        byte[] key = { };
        byte[] IV = { 12, 21, 43, 17, 57, 35, 67, 27 };
        string encryptKey = "aXb2uy4z"; // MUST be 8 characters
        key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(encryptKey);
        byte[] byteInput = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(inputString);
        DESCryptoServiceProvider provider = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
        memStream = new MemoryStream();
        ICryptoTransform transform = provider.CreateEncryptor(key, IV);
        CryptoStream cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
        cryptoStream.Write(byteInput, 0, byteInput.Length);
        cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Response.Write(ex.Message);
    }
    return Convert.ToBase64String(memStream.ToArray());
}

Décryptage:

public string DecryptString(string inputString)
{
    MemoryStream memStream = null;
    try
    {
        byte[] key = { };
        byte[] IV = { 12, 21, 43, 17, 57, 35, 67, 27 };
        string encryptKey = "aXb2uy4z"; // MUST be 8 characters
        key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(encryptKey);
        byte[] byteInput = new byte[inputString.Length];
        byteInput = Convert.FromBase64String(inputString);
        DESCryptoServiceProvider provider = new DESCryptoServiceProvider();
        memStream = new MemoryStream();
        ICryptoTransform transform = provider.CreateDecryptor(key, IV);
        CryptoStream cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memStream, transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
        cryptoStream.Write(byteInput, 0, byteInput.Length);
        cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
    }
    catch (Exception ex)
    {
        Response.Write(ex.Message);
    }

    Encoding encoding1 = Encoding.UTF8;
    return encoding1.GetString(memStream.ToArray());
}
11
Gopal Reddy V

Avec la référence de Crypter et décrypter une chaîne en c # , j'ai trouvé l'une des bonnes solutions:

static readonly string PasswordHash = "[email protected]@Sw0rd";
static readonly string SaltKey = "[email protected]&KEY";
static readonly string VIKey = "@1B2c3D4e5F6g7H8";

Pour chiffrer

public static string Encrypt(string plainText)
{
    byte[] plainTextBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(plainText);

    byte[] keyBytes = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(PasswordHash, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(SaltKey)).GetBytes(256 / 8);
    var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged() { Mode = CipherMode.CBC, Padding = PaddingMode.Zeros };
    var encryptor = symmetricKey.CreateEncryptor(keyBytes, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(VIKey));

    byte[] cipherTextBytes;

    using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
    {
        using (var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
        {
            cryptoStream.Write(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
            cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
            cipherTextBytes = memoryStream.ToArray();
            cryptoStream.Close();
        }
        memoryStream.Close();
    }
    return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherTextBytes);
}

Pour décrypter

public static string Decrypt(string encryptedText)
{
    byte[] cipherTextBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedText);
    byte[] keyBytes = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(PasswordHash, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(SaltKey)).GetBytes(256 / 8);
    var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged() { Mode = CipherMode.CBC, Padding = PaddingMode.None };

    var decryptor = symmetricKey.CreateDecryptor(keyBytes, Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(VIKey));
    var memoryStream = new MemoryStream(cipherTextBytes);
    var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read);
    byte[] plainTextBytes = new byte[cipherTextBytes.Length];

    int decryptedByteCount = cryptoStream.Read(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
    memoryStream.Close();
    cryptoStream.Close();
    return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainTextBytes, 0, decryptedByteCount).TrimEnd("\0".ToCharArray());
}
6
Rahul Modi

Pour soutenir réponse de Mattmanser . Voici un exemple d'utilisation de la classe MachineKey pour chiffrer/déchiffrer des valeurs sûres d'URL.

Comme il a été mentionné précédemment, il convient de garder à l’esprit les paramètres de configuration de la machine ( https://msdn.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff649308.aspx ). Vous pouvez définir le chiffrement et le chiffrement de la clé/algorithme manuellement (vous pourriez en avoir besoin spécialement si votre site s'exécute sur plusieurs serveurs) dans le fichier web.config. Vous pouvez générer des clés à partir de IIS (voir ici: https://blogs.msdn.Microsoft.com/vijaysk/2009/05/13/iis-7-tip-10-you- peut générer des clés de machine à partir de iis-manager / ) ou utiliser un générateur de clé de machine en ligne tel que: http://www.developerfusion.com/tools/generatemachinekey/ =

    private static readonly UTF8Encoding Encoder = new UTF8Encoding();

    public static string Encrypt(string unencrypted)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(unencrypted)) 
            return string.Empty;

        try
        {
            var encryptedBytes = MachineKey.Protect(Encoder.GetBytes(unencrypted));

            if (encryptedBytes != null && encryptedBytes.Length > 0)
                return HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenEncode(encryptedBytes);    
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return string.Empty;
        }

        return string.Empty;
    }

    public static string Decrypt(string encrypted)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(encrypted)) 
            return string.Empty;

        try
        {
            var bytes = HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenDecode(encrypted);
            if (bytes != null && bytes.Length > 0)
            {
                var decryptedBytes = MachineKey.Unprotect(bytes);
                if(decryptedBytes != null && decryptedBytes.Length > 0)
                    return Encoder.GetString(decryptedBytes);
            }

        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            return string.Empty;
        }

        return string.Empty;
    }
4
josedbaez

Une alternative au cryptage BouncyCastle pour AES-GCM est libsodium-net . Il enveloppe la bibliothèque libsodium C. Un avantage de Nice est qu’il utilise l’extension AES-NI dans les processeurs pour un cryptage très rapide. L'inconvénient est que cela ne fonctionnera pas du tout si le processeur n'a pas l'extension. Il n'y a pas de logiciel de repli.

3
James McLachlan

Si vous recherchez un chiffrement PGP, dans la suite du commentaire sur un exemple d'utilisation du chiffrement PGP via BouncyCastle, la classe PGPEncryptDecrypt semble fonctionner dès le départ:

http://blogs.Microsoft.co.il/kim/2009/01/23/pgp-Zip-encrypted-files-with-c/#comment-611002

Trop long à coller ici, légèrement modifié: https://Gist.github.com/zaus/c0ea1fd8dad5d9590af1

3
drzaus

Voici un exemple simple de chiffrement de chaînes en C # à l'aide du mode AES CBC avec des clés aléatoires IV et HMAC et dérivées d'un mot de passe, pour afficher les éléments mobiles de base:

private byte[] EncryptBytes(byte[] key, byte[] plaintext)
{
    using (var cipher = new RijndaelManaged { Key = key })
    {
        using (var encryptor = cipher.CreateEncryptor())
        {
            var ciphertext = encryptor.TransformFinalBlock(plaintext, 0, plaintext.Length);

            // IV is prepended to ciphertext
            return cipher.IV.Concat(ciphertext).ToArray();
        }
    }
}

private byte[] DecryptBytes(byte[] key, byte[] packed)
{
    using (var cipher = new RijndaelManaged { Key = key })
    {
        int ivSize = cipher.BlockSize / 8;

        cipher.IV = packed.Take(ivSize).ToArray();

        using (var encryptor = cipher.CreateDecryptor())
        {
            return encryptor.TransformFinalBlock(packed, ivSize, packed.Length - ivSize);
        }
    }
}

private byte[] AddMac(byte[] key, byte[] data)
{
    using (var hmac = new HMACSHA256(key))
    {
        var macBytes = hmac.ComputeHash(data);

        // HMAC is appended to data
        return data.Concat(macBytes).ToArray();
    }
}

private bool BadMac(byte[] found, byte[] computed)
{
    int mismatch = 0;

    // Aim for consistent timing regardless of inputs
    for (int i = 0; i < found.Length; i++)
    {
        mismatch += found[i] == computed[i] ? 0 : 1;
    }

    return mismatch != 0;
}

private byte[] RemoveMac(byte[] key, byte[] data)
{
    using (var hmac = new HMACSHA256(key))
    {
        int macSize = hmac.HashSize / 8;

        var packed = data.Take(data.Length - macSize).ToArray();

        var foundMac = data.Skip(packed.Length).ToArray();

        var computedMac = hmac.ComputeHash(packed);

        if (this.BadMac(foundMac, computedMac))
        {
            throw new Exception("Bad MAC");
        }

        return packed;
    }            
}

private List<byte[]> DeriveTwoKeys(string password)
{
    var salt = new byte[] { 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 };

    var kdf = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(password, salt, 10000);

    var bytes = kdf.GetBytes(32); // Two keys 128 bits each

    return new List<byte[]> { bytes.Take(16).ToArray(), bytes.Skip(16).ToArray() };
}

public byte[] EncryptString(string password, String message)
{
    var keys = this.DeriveTwoKeys(password);

    var plaintext = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(message);

    var packed = this.EncryptBytes(keys[0], plaintext);

    return this.AddMac(keys[1], packed);
}

public String DecryptString(string password, byte[] secret)
{
    var keys = this.DeriveTwoKeys(password);

    var packed = this.RemoveMac(keys[1], secret);

    var plaintext = this.DecryptBytes(keys[0], packed);

    return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plaintext);
}

public void Example()
{
    var password = "correcthorsebatterystaple";

    var secret = this.EncryptString(password, "Hello World");

    Console.WriteLine("secret: " + BitConverter.ToString(secret));

    var recovered = this.DecryptString(password, secret);

    Console.WriteLine(recovered);
}
3
Jim Flood

C'est la classe qui a été placée ici par Brett. Cependant, j'ai fait une légère modification car je recevais l'erreur "Longueur non valide pour un tableau de caractères en Base 64" lors de son utilisation pour les chaînes d'URL à chiffrer et à déchiffrer.

public class CryptoURL
{
    private static byte[] _salt = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes("Catto_Salt_Enter_Any_Value99");

    /// <summary>
    /// Encrypt the given string using AES.  The string can be decrypted using 
    /// DecryptStringAES().  The sharedSecret parameters must match. 
    /// The SharedSecret for the Password Reset that is used is in the next line
    ///  string sharedSecret = "OneUpSharedSecret9";
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="plainText">The text to encrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for encryption.</param>
    public static string EncryptString(string plainText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(plainText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        string outStr = null;                       // Encrypted string to return
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;              // RijndaelManaged object used to encrypt the data.

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create a RijndaelManaged object
            aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
            aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);

            // Create a decryptor to perform the stream transform.
            ICryptoTransform encryptor = aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);

            // Create the streams used for encryption.
            using (MemoryStream msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
            {
                // prepend the IV
                msEncrypt.Write(BitConverter.GetBytes(aesAlg.IV.Length), 0, sizeof(int));
                msEncrypt.Write(aesAlg.IV, 0, aesAlg.IV.Length);
                using (CryptoStream csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    using (StreamWriter swEncrypt = new StreamWriter(csEncrypt))
                    {
                        //Write all data to the stream.
                        swEncrypt.Write(plainText);
                    }
                }

                outStr = HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenEncode(msEncrypt.ToArray());
                //outStr = Convert.ToBase64String(msEncrypt.ToArray());
                // you may need to add a reference. right click reference in solution Explorer => "add Reference" => .NET tab => select "System.Web"
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        // Return the encrypted bytes from the memory stream.
        return outStr;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Decrypt the given string.  Assumes the string was encrypted using 
    /// EncryptStringAES(), using an identical sharedSecret.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="cipherText">The text to decrypt.</param>
    /// <param name="sharedSecret">A password used to generate a key for decryption.</param>
    public static string DecryptString(string cipherText, string sharedSecret)
    {
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(cipherText))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
        if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(sharedSecret))
            throw new ArgumentNullException("sharedSecret");

        // Declare the RijndaelManaged object
        // used to decrypt the data.
        RijndaelManaged aesAlg = null;

        // Declare the string used to hold
        // the decrypted text.
        string plaintext = null;

        byte[] inputByteArray;

        try
        {
            // generate the key from the shared secret and the salt
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes key = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(sharedSecret, _salt);

            // Create the streams used for decryption.                
            //byte[] bytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
            inputByteArray = HttpServerUtility.UrlTokenDecode(cipherText);

            using (MemoryStream msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(inputByteArray))
            {
                // Create a RijndaelManaged object
                // with the specified key and IV.
                aesAlg = new RijndaelManaged();
                aesAlg.Key = key.GetBytes(aesAlg.KeySize / 8);
                // Get the initialization vector from the encrypted stream
                aesAlg.IV = ReadByteArray(msDecrypt);
                // Create a decrytor to perform the stream transform.
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(aesAlg.Key, aesAlg.IV);
                using (CryptoStream csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                {
                    using (StreamReader srDecrypt = new StreamReader(csDecrypt))

                        // Read the decrypted bytes from the decrypting stream
                        // and place them in a string.
                        plaintext = srDecrypt.ReadToEnd();
                }
            }
        }
        catch (System.Exception ex)
        {
            return "ERROR";
            //throw ex;

        }
        finally
        {
            // Clear the RijndaelManaged object.
            if (aesAlg != null)
                aesAlg.Clear();
        }

        return plaintext;
    }

    static string ConvertStringArrayToString(string[] array)
    {
        //
        // Concatenate all the elements into a StringBuilder.
        //
        StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
        foreach (string value in array)
        {
            builder.Append(value);
            builder.Append('.');
        }
        return builder.ToString();
    }

    private static byte[] ReadByteArray(Stream s)
    {
        byte[] rawLength = new byte[sizeof(int)];
        if (s.Read(rawLength, 0, rawLength.Length) != rawLength.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Stream did not contain properly formatted byte array");
        }

        byte[] buffer = new byte[BitConverter.ToInt32(rawLength, 0)];
        if (s.Read(buffer, 0, buffer.Length) != buffer.Length)
        {
            throw new SystemException("Did not read byte array properly");
        }

        return buffer;
    }

}
2
Catto
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Text;

public class Program
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        var key = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("SUkbqO2ycDo7QwpR25kfgmC7f8CoyrZy");
        var data = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("testData");

        //Encrypt data
        var encrypted = CryptoHelper.EncryptData(data,key);

        //Decrypt data
        var decrypted = CryptoHelper.DecryptData(encrypted,key);

        //Display result
        Console.WriteLine(Encoding.UTF8.GetString(decrypted));
    }
}

public static class CryptoHelper
{
    public static byte[] EncryptData(byte[] data, byte[] key)
    {
        using (var aesAlg = Aes.Create())
        {
            aesAlg.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
            using (var encryptor = aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(key, aesAlg.IV))
            {
                using (var msEncrypt = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    msEncrypt.Write(aesAlg.IV, 0, aesAlg.IV.Length);

                    using (var csEncrypt = new CryptoStream(msEncrypt, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                        csEncrypt.Write(data, 0, data.Length);

                    return msEncrypt.ToArray();
                }
            }
        }

    }

    public static byte[] DecryptData(byte[] encrypted, byte[] key)
    {
        var iv = new byte[16];
        Buffer.BlockCopy(encrypted, 0, iv, 0, iv.Length);
        using (var aesAlg = Aes.Create())
        {
            aesAlg.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
            using (var decryptor = aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(key, iv))
            {
                using (var msDecrypt = new MemoryStream(encrypted, iv.Length, encrypted.Length - iv.Length))
                {
                    using (var csDecrypt = new CryptoStream(msDecrypt, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                    {
                        using (var resultStream = new MemoryStream())
                        {
                            csDecrypt.CopyTo(resultStream);
                            return resultStream.ToArray();
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
2
Davit Tvildiani

Le code suivant est une version améliorée de réponse de Ghazal à un semblable question .

public class EncryptionHelper
{
    private Aes aesEncryptor;

    public EncryptionHelper()
    {
    }

    private void BuildAesEncryptor(string key)
    {
        aesEncryptor = Aes.Create();
        var pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(key, new byte[] { 0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76 });
        aesEncryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
        aesEncryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
    }

    public string EncryptString(string clearText, string key)
    {
        BuildAesEncryptor(key);
        var clearBytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(clearText);
        using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (var cs = new CryptoStream(ms, aesEncryptor.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(clearBytes, 0, clearBytes.Length);
            }
            var encryptedText = Convert.ToBase64String(ms.ToArray());
            return encryptedText;
        }
    }

    public string DecryptString(string cipherText, string key)
    {
        BuildAesEncryptor(key);
        cipherText = cipherText.Replace(" ", "+");
        var cipherBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
        using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
        {
            using (var cs = new CryptoStream(ms, aesEncryptor.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
            {
                cs.Write(cipherBytes, 0, cipherBytes.Length);
            }
            var clearText = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
            return clearText;
        }
    }
}
2
Kolappan Nathan

Le cryptage est un problème très courant en programmation. Je pense qu'il est préférable d'installer un paquet pour faire la tâche pour vous. Peut-être un simple projet open source Nuget comme Simple Aes Encryption

La clé est dans le fichier de configuration et il est donc facile de changer dans l'environnement de production, et je ne vois aucun inconvénient.

<MessageEncryption>
  <EncryptionKey KeySize="256" Key="3q2+796tvu/erb7v3q2+796tvu/erb7v3q2+796tvu8="/>
</MessageEncryption>
1
Ashkan Sirous

L'exemple suivant montre comment chiffrer et déchiffrer des exemples de données:

    // This constant is used to determine the keysize of the encryption algorithm in bits.
    // We divide this by 8 within the code below to get the equivalent number of bytes.
    private const int Keysize = 128;

    // This constant determines the number of iterations for the password bytes generation function.
    private const int DerivationIterations = 1000;

    public static string Encrypt(string plainText, string passPhrase)
    {
        // Salt and IV is randomly generated each time, but is preprended to encrypted cipher text
        // so that the same Salt and IV values can be used when decrypting.  
        var saltStringBytes = GenerateBitsOfRandomEntropy(16);
        var ivStringBytes = GenerateBitsOfRandomEntropy(16);
        var plainTextBytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(plainText);
        using (var password = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(passPhrase, saltStringBytes, DerivationIterations))
        {
            var keyBytes = password.GetBytes(Keysize / 8);
            using (var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                symmetricKey.BlockSize = 128;
                symmetricKey.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                symmetricKey.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
                using (var encryptor = symmetricKey.CreateEncryptor(keyBytes, ivStringBytes))
                {
                    using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
                    {
                        using (var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                        {
                            cryptoStream.Write(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
                            cryptoStream.FlushFinalBlock();
                            // Create the final bytes as a concatenation of the random salt bytes, the random iv bytes and the cipher bytes.
                            var cipherTextBytes = saltStringBytes;
                            cipherTextBytes = cipherTextBytes.Concat(ivStringBytes).ToArray();
                            cipherTextBytes = cipherTextBytes.Concat(memoryStream.ToArray()).ToArray();
                            memoryStream.Close();
                            cryptoStream.Close();
                            return Convert.ToBase64String(cipherTextBytes);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    public static string Decrypt(string cipherText, string passPhrase)
    {
        // Get the complete stream of bytes that represent:
        // [32 bytes of Salt] + [32 bytes of IV] + [n bytes of CipherText]
        var cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
        // Get the saltbytes by extracting the first 32 bytes from the supplied cipherText bytes.
        var saltStringBytes = cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv.Take(Keysize / 8).ToArray();
        // Get the IV bytes by extracting the next 32 bytes from the supplied cipherText bytes.
        var ivStringBytes = cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv.Skip(Keysize / 8).Take(Keysize / 8).ToArray();
        // Get the actual cipher text bytes by removing the first 64 bytes from the cipherText string.
        var cipherTextBytes = cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv.Skip((Keysize / 8) * 2).Take(cipherTextBytesWithSaltAndIv.Length - ((Keysize / 8) * 2)).ToArray();

        using (var password = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(passPhrase, saltStringBytes, DerivationIterations))
        {
            var keyBytes = password.GetBytes(Keysize / 8);
            using (var symmetricKey = new RijndaelManaged())
            {
                symmetricKey.BlockSize = 128;
                symmetricKey.Mode = CipherMode.CBC;
                symmetricKey.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
                using (var decryptor = symmetricKey.CreateDecryptor(keyBytes, ivStringBytes))
                {
                    using (var memoryStream = new MemoryStream(cipherTextBytes))
                    {
                        using (var cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(memoryStream, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                        {
                            var plainTextBytes = new byte[cipherTextBytes.Length];
                            var decryptedByteCount = cryptoStream.Read(plainTextBytes, 0, plainTextBytes.Length);
                            memoryStream.Close();
                            cryptoStream.Close();
                            return Encoding.UTF8.GetString(plainTextBytes, 0, decryptedByteCount);
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }

    private static byte[] GenerateBitsOfRandomEntropy(int size)
    {
        // 32 Bytes will give us 256 bits.
        // 16 Bytes will give us 128 bits.
        var randomBytes = new byte[size]; 
        using (var rngCsp = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider())
        {
            // Fill the array with cryptographically secure random bytes.
            rngCsp.GetBytes(randomBytes);
        }
        return randomBytes;
    }
1
reza.Nikmaram

Voici un extrait de code originellement créé par ASP Extraits de code

using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.IO;


 private string Encrypt(string clearText)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "yourkey";
        byte[] clearBytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(clearText);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] { 0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76 });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(clearBytes, 0, clearBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                clearText = Convert.ToBase64String(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return clearText;
    }

 private string Decrypt(string cipherText)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "yourkey";
        cipherText = cipherText.Replace(" ", "+");
        byte[] cipherBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] { 0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76 });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(cipherBytes, 0, cipherBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                cipherText = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return cipherText;
    }
0
Vijay Kumbhoje

Copié dans mon réponse ici à partir d'une question similaire: Cryptage bidirectionnel simple pour C # .

Basé sur plusieurs réponses et commentaires.

  • Vecteur d'initialisation aléatoire ajouté au crypto text (@jbtule)
  • Utilisez TransformFinalBlock () au lieu de MemoryStream (@RenniePet)
  • Pas de clés pré-remplies pour éviter que quiconque copie et colle un sinistre
  • Éliminer correctement et utiliser des modèles

Code:

/// <summary>
/// Simple encryption/decryption using a random initialization vector
/// and prepending it to the crypto text.
/// </summary>
/// <remarks>Based on multiple answers in https://stackoverflow.com/questions/165808/simple-two-way-encryption-for-c-sharp </remarks>
public class SimpleAes : IDisposable
{
    /// <summary>
    ///     Initialization vector length in bytes.
    /// </summary>
    private const int IvBytes = 16;

    /// <summary>
    ///     Must be exactly 16, 24 or 32 characters long.
    /// </summary>
    private static readonly byte[] Key = Convert.FromBase64String("FILL ME WITH 16, 24 OR 32 CHARS");

    private readonly UTF8Encoding _encoder;
    private readonly ICryptoTransform _encryptor;
    private readonly RijndaelManaged _rijndael;

    public SimpleAes()
    {
        _rijndael = new RijndaelManaged {Key = Key};
        _rijndael.GenerateIV();
        _encryptor = _rijndael.CreateEncryptor();
        _encoder = new UTF8Encoding();
    }

    public string Decrypt(string encrypted)
    {
        return _encoder.GetString(Decrypt(Convert.FromBase64String(encrypted)));
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
        _rijndael.Dispose();
        _encryptor.Dispose();
    }

    public string Encrypt(string unencrypted)
    {
        return Convert.ToBase64String(Encrypt(_encoder.GetBytes(unencrypted)));
    }

    private byte[] Decrypt(byte[] buffer)
    {
        // IV is prepended to cryptotext
        byte[] iv = buffer.Take(IvBytes).ToArray();
        using (ICryptoTransform decryptor = _rijndael.CreateDecryptor(_rijndael.Key, iv))
        {
            return decryptor.TransformFinalBlock(buffer, IvBytes, buffer.Length - IvBytes);
        }
    }

    private byte[] Encrypt(byte[] buffer)
    {
        // Prepend cryptotext with IV
        byte[] inputBuffer = _rijndael.IV.Concat(buffer).ToArray();
        return _encryptor.TransformFinalBlock(inputBuffer, IvBytes, buffer.Length);
    }
}
0
angularsen

Algorithme AES:

public static class CryptographyProvider
    {
        public static string EncryptString(string plainText, out string Key)
        {
            if (plainText == null || plainText.Length <= 0)
                throw new ArgumentNullException("plainText");

            using (Aes _aesAlg = Aes.Create())
            {
                Key = Convert.ToBase64String(_aesAlg.Key);
                ICryptoTransform _encryptor = _aesAlg.CreateEncryptor(_aesAlg.Key, _aesAlg.IV);

                using (MemoryStream _memoryStream = new MemoryStream())
                {
                    _memoryStream.Write(_aesAlg.IV, 0, 16);
                    using (CryptoStream _cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(_memoryStream, _encryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                    {
                        using (StreamWriter _streamWriter = new StreamWriter(_cryptoStream))
                        {
                            _streamWriter.Write(plainText);
                        }
                        return Convert.ToBase64String(_memoryStream.ToArray());
                    }
                }
            }
        }
        public static string DecryptString(string cipherText, string Key)
        {

            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(cipherText))
                throw new ArgumentNullException("cipherText");
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(Key))
                throw new ArgumentNullException("Key");

            string plaintext = null;

            byte[] _initialVector = new byte[16];
            byte[] _Key = Convert.FromBase64String(Key);
            byte[] _cipherTextBytesArray = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
            byte[] _originalString = new byte[_cipherTextBytesArray.Length - 16];

            Array.Copy(_cipherTextBytesArray, 0, _initialVector, 0, _initialVector.Length);
            Array.Copy(_cipherTextBytesArray, 16, _originalString, 0, _cipherTextBytesArray.Length - 16);

            using (Aes _aesAlg = Aes.Create())
            {
                _aesAlg.Key = _Key;
                _aesAlg.IV = _initialVector;
                ICryptoTransform decryptor = _aesAlg.CreateDecryptor(_aesAlg.Key, _aesAlg.IV);

                using (MemoryStream _memoryStream = new MemoryStream(_originalString))
                {
                    using (CryptoStream _cryptoStream = new CryptoStream(_memoryStream, decryptor, CryptoStreamMode.Read))
                    {
                        using (StreamReader _streamReader = new StreamReader(_cryptoStream))
                        {
                            plaintext = _streamReader.ReadToEnd();
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            return plaintext;
        }
    }
0
Skull

Voici l'exemple comment le cryptage/décryptage AES-GCM peut être effectué à l'aide du package Bouncy castle.

J'ai trouvé cet échantillon lorsque j'ai recherché sur Google la possibilité de déchiffrer les données de GOlang crypto/aes api:

const (
    gcmBlockSize         = 16 // this is key size
    gcmTagSize           = 16 // this is mac
    gcmStandardNonceSize = 12 // this is nonce
)

func encrypt(data []byte, passphrase string) []byte {
    block, _ := aes.NewCipher([]byte(createHash(passphrase)))
    gcm, err := cipher.NewGCM(block)
    if err != nil {
        panic(err.Error())
    }
    nonce := make([]byte, gcm.NonceSize())
    if _, err = io.ReadFull(Rand.Reader, nonce); err != nil {
        panic(err.Error())
    }
    ciphertext := gcm.Seal(nonce, nonce, data, nil)
    return ciphertext
}

L’échantillon .Net fonctionne comme un charme avec une clé (256 bits), un mac (128 bits) et un nonce (96 bits).

0
oleksa
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;  

/// <summary>
/// Summary description for Encryption
/// </summary>
public class Encryption
{
    public TripleDES CreateDES(string key)
    {
        MD5 md5 = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
        TripleDES des = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
        des.Key = md5.ComputeHash(Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(key));
        des.IV = new byte[des.BlockSize / 8];
        return des;
    }
    public  byte[] Encryptiondata(string PlainText)
    {
        TripleDES des = CreateDES("DreamMLMKey");
        ICryptoTransform ct = des.CreateEncryptor();
        byte[] input = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(PlainText);
        return ct.TransformFinalBlock(input, 0, input.Length);
    }

    public string Decryptiondata(string CypherText)
    {
        string stringToDecrypt = CypherText.Replace(" ", "+");
        int len = stringToDecrypt.Length;
        byte[] inputByteArray = Convert.FromBase64String(stringToDecrypt); 

        byte[] b = Convert.FromBase64String(CypherText);
        TripleDES des = CreateDES("DreamMLMKey");
        ICryptoTransform ct = des.CreateDecryptor();
        byte[] output = ct.TransformFinalBlock(b, 0, b.Length);
        return Encoding.Unicode.GetString(output);
    }
    public string Decryptiondataurl(string CypherText)
    {
        string newcyperttext=CypherText.Replace(' ', '+');
        byte[] b = Convert.FromBase64String(newcyperttext);
        TripleDES des = CreateDES("DreamMLMKey");
        ICryptoTransform ct = des.CreateDecryptor();
        byte[] output = ct.TransformFinalBlock(b, 0, b.Length);
        return Encoding.Unicode.GetString(output);
    }


    #region  encryption & Decription
    public  string Encrypt(string input, string key)
    {
        byte[] inputArray = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(input);
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tripleDES = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
        tripleDES.Key = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);
        tripleDES.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
        tripleDES.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
        ICryptoTransform cTransform = tripleDES.CreateEncryptor();
        byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(inputArray, 0, inputArray.Length);
        tripleDES.Clear();
        return Convert.ToBase64String(resultArray, 0, resultArray.Length);
    }
    public  string Decrypt(string input, string key)
    {
        byte[] inputArray = Convert.FromBase64String(input);
        TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider tripleDES = new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();
        tripleDES.Key = UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(key);
        tripleDES.Mode = CipherMode.ECB;
        tripleDES.Padding = PaddingMode.PKCS7;
        ICryptoTransform cTransform = tripleDES.CreateDecryptor();
        byte[] resultArray = cTransform.TransformFinalBlock(inputArray, 0, inputArray.Length);
        tripleDES.Clear();
        return UTF8Encoding.UTF8.GetString(resultArray);
    }

    public string encrypt(string encryptString)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
        byte[] clearBytes = Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(encryptString);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] {
                0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76
            });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateEncryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(clearBytes, 0, clearBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                encryptString = Convert.ToBase64String(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return encryptString;
    }

    public string Decrypt(string cipherText)
    {
        string EncryptionKey = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
        cipherText = cipherText.Replace(" ", "+");
        byte[] cipherBytes = Convert.FromBase64String(cipherText);
        using (Aes encryptor = Aes.Create())
        {
            Rfc2898DeriveBytes pdb = new Rfc2898DeriveBytes(EncryptionKey, new byte[] {
                0x49, 0x76, 0x61, 0x6e, 0x20, 0x4d, 0x65, 0x64, 0x76, 0x65, 0x64, 0x65, 0x76
            });
            encryptor.Key = pdb.GetBytes(32);
            encryptor.IV = pdb.GetBytes(16);
            using (MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream())
            {
                using (CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms, encryptor.CreateDecryptor(), CryptoStreamMode.Write))
                {
                    cs.Write(cipherBytes, 0, cipherBytes.Length);
                    cs.Close();
                }
                cipherText = Encoding.Unicode.GetString(ms.ToArray());
            }
        }
        return cipherText;
    }

    #endregion
}
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JIYAUL MUSTAPHA